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SAFETY GUIDANCE FOR ROLLER SHUTTERS OR OTHER INDUSTRIAL DOORS

Health and Safety Executive Guidance

Industrial, commercial and roller shutter doors pose particular health and safety risks and have been the cause of a number of serious and fatal accidents involving the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), examples of which are given below:

  • A man was taken to hospital with fractured ribs when a roller shutter door came down on his chest and pinned him to the back rest of the vehicle he was driving
  • An employee was knocked unconscious as he walked through the factory roller shutter door and it closed on him, hitting his head
  • Bruises and spinal whiplash were suffered by an employee when a roller shutter door came down on his head, knocking him to the floor
  • In several cases, people have been lifted off the floor only to fall three metres or more onto hard concrete
  • Two deaths have involved children being lifted up by a roller shutter door and becoming fatally entangled or trapped in the door
  • At a distribution centre a forklift truck driver drove under a roller shutter which closed on her, landing heavily on her head, trapping her and breaking her jaw

As a result of this, the HSE has issued the following guidance concerning vertically opening powered rolling doors.

Where a door could be powerful enough to lift an adult or child, building owners or whoever is responsible for these doors should review their risk assessment to evaluate this hazard and ensure suitable measures are provided.

Where children are likely to have access to a powered rolling door that could lift them, then safety measures must be provided. The European Standard, BS EN 12453:2001 recognises this hazard and recommends the following safeguarding options:

  • Preventing anyone from being lifted by/travelling on the door by eliminating handholds and footrests and using suitably sized multiple perforations in slats for vision panels (not letterbox openings)
  • Limiting the force available at the door leaf
  • Stopping the door movement by protective equipment when any person is lifted and before any part of the person reaches any hazardous locations, e.g. suitably installed photoelectric beams
  • Installing hold to run control in combination with a key switch or similar in the vicinity and full view of the door

The most appropriate safeguard or combination of safeguards should be selected where the risk exists as part of a suitable risk assessment to ensure that the powered rolling shutter door is safe. Retrofit options may be available from the door supplier otherwise a bespoke solution will be required.

If a door is modified or refurbished and this results in significant changes to the control or operation of the door, then the door will have to be CE marked by the person undertaking the modification or refurbishment. Examples of significant alterations that would require CE marking are:

  • Addition of automatic control systems
  • Addition of safety devices e.g. photoelectric devices
  • Significant increases in the voltages of motors or control systems

Examples of non significant alterations that would not require CE marking are:

  • Like for like replacement e.g. same rating of motor
  • Fitting a plate to make the bottom rail slope
  • Replacing a door leaf

BS EN 12635:2002 – Industrial, Commercial and Garage Doors and Gates – Installation and Use

This is one of a series of supporting standards to BSEN 13241-1:2003. It provides guidance on documentation, installation, labelling, handover, operation, use, maintenance and repair of doors, including the requirements for a log book for power operated doors. BS EN 12635 requires that the log book shall contain the following:

  • Name and contact details of the manufacturer
  • Unique identification number
  • Door location reference (if known)
  • Name and contact details of the installer
  • Date of completion of installation
  • The results of installation verification and testing
  • Identification of power unit
  • Identification of safety devices
  • The results

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Established in 1979, Guardian Industrial Doors design, manufacture, supply and maintain industrial and commercial roller shutters, doors and gates.

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